Colds and coughs are very common when climate change. According to HealthDirect, adults get 2 to 4 colds every year, and children get as many as 5 to 10 every year because they are not immune to many colds viruses. It usually begins with a sore throat, runny nose (clear and watery), teary eye and sneezing. Even though colds can make you feel really ill, your immune system can usually take care of the infection on its own.

Colds and coughs. Photo credits to Pixabay

The worst is usually over within a week. But it can take a little longer for the symptoms to go away completely. Coughs, in particular, can be stubborn. Adults need 18 days on average to completely recover from a cough, and it can take up to three weeks in children too.

Colds and cough typically spread by viruses and bacteria. This virus spread through air and physical contact. Though it is a common illness, it causes the body to weaken. Bacterial infections caused by colds and cough can cause a sore throat or tonsillitis.

Sometimes, there are infections occur on the upper airways. It is very rarely that cause serious complications like pneumonia. It’s best to visit doctors if you have a high fever, chest pain, or trouble breathing. This is especially important for people who have a chronic disease of the airways, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Prevention for Coughs and Colds

The InformedHealth.org gives us some information on how to prevent from this infectious virus. There are very many different types of cold viruses. Vaccines help to fight colds and coughs, however, vitamins are crucial to boosting the immune system. Even you recovered in this illness, you still not protected.

The best way to prevent colds is to avoid catching them in the first place. Cold viruses are spread through small drops of liquid. For example, when someone with cold sneezes or coughs, tiny virus-containing drops are sprayed into the air. These viruses stay in the doorknobs, computer keyboards or even in their personal uses like pens, bags earpieces or mobile phones. If you touch these objects, the viruses easily transfer to your hands and are infected. Using alcohol and disinfectant as well as washing hands frequently with germicidal soap is a better way to protect yourself from colds.

Cold viruses are also spread by everything that touched the nose or mouth of a person with a cold. This includes cups or glasses that the person used to drink out of, and when you’d uneven know touched the used tissues as well. So it’s important to throw tissues away immediately after use, and avoid leaving them lying around.

Often, doctors recommended to drink fruit juices riches in Vitamin C and eat citrus fruits for the prevention of colds. It helps your body boost the immune system. Some people start applying this recommendation a few weeks before the start of the cold and cough season.

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